Avoiding Defensive Medicine among Pandemic

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Avoiding Defensive Medicine among Pandemic


Xu Chen*

University of the Rockies and the College of St. Scholastica, USA

*Corresponding author: Chen X, University of the Rockies and the College of St. Scholastica, USA.

Citation: Chen X. (2021) Avoiding Defensive Medicine among Pandemic. J Can Ther Res. 1(1):1-05.

Received: November  12, 2021 | Published: November 26, 2021

Copyright© 2021 genesis pub by Chen X. CC BY NC-ND 4.0 DEED. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-No Derivatives 4.0 International License., This allows others distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon the work, even commercially, as long as they credit the authors for the original creation.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.52793/JCTR.2021.1(1)-07


There is no cure for covid-19. Therefore, medical workers get easily trapped in defensive medicine, which is doing the extra prescription or work to avoid a lawsuit. Defensive medicine adds stress to practitioners. Also, among the medical team, many doctors or nurses got infected or even died. All these things make medical or nursing practice a very challenging profession, not alone the stress of seeing life and death scenes every day and cry with them. That stress not only affects the quality of practice, it also affects practitioners’ mental health, physical health, and family relationships. This paper will be research on how medical workers, especially the young ones fresh out of medical school should handle all these issues.


Covid-19; Defensive medicine; Stress; Patient care; Deaths


Medical workers like doctors and nurses are very mentally demanding professions. According to research done by Mazhar et al. [1] 65.2% of 365 surveyed doctors in Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences are moderately burned out. 13.5% is highly burned out. The highest burn-out rate is in the Anesthesia department, and Obgyn has the second-highest burnout rate. Among the three burnout components, the severely reduced personal achievement is the highest (1). Since the hit of COVID, many medical workers have faced challenges. For instance, In a research done by Urooj et al. [2] the researchers found out that significant proportions of the doctors had the feelings of concern, anxiety, uncertainty, and stress. The most that they were worried about is that they might give the disease to their families [2]. Doctors expect their administration to offer protection gears and be supportive; they expect seniors to be the humble and firm role models, and they expect their peers to perform the teamwork effectively [2]. In another case, a couple from the UK does their medical practice under extreme stress. During their practice, many of their colleagues and families died from COVID; and on the other hand, they were separated from their family and children for five months. Therefore, being separated from family is a problem for practitioners. As a practitioner, there is more chance of exposure to COVID. This is easy to reason because they are the ones who take care of COVID patients [3].

COVID can cause long term health problems. Some patients complained of extreme tiredness and shortness of breath for several months after the infection. The treatment is also complicated because it needs a multi-disciplinary approach. That is to say, as long as you work in a hospital, you will have to deal with a COVID patient somewhere, sometimes no matter what, because there is no way that the front line workers can deal with the problems all by themselves [4]. Doctors are facing stress other than that of during practice. One of the US-based doctors namely Stella Emmanuel claimed that she was facing a death threat because she claimed that she found a cure for COVID. She claimed that none of the patients died because she treated them with hydroxycholoroquine, zinc, and zitromax [5].

In America, the democratic atmosphere gives medical workers a voice. However, not every country provides its people a way out like that. In China, many doctors and nurses died from infections; since they are not equipped with the proper gears. To make it worse, the government pushed many untrained medical workers to the front line, who are in greater danger of getting infections than the trained ones [6]. To make it worse, medical workers who dared to complain of many occasions faced uneventful deaths [7-8]. Also, some medical workers have to swallow their tears to pull out a patient’s ventilation machine [8]. With these in mind, how medical workers should protect themselves is a big issue.


The method of this research is a literature review. As COVID is a new pandemic, and currently, there is no effective treatment for the disease-causing virus; the academic publications about it are limited (9). For instance, the new med remdesivir is priced as high as $520 per vial (9). However, there are many messages in the news. In the meantime, professionals are looking for a cure. Therefore, many of the references in this paper will be from the news. Also, a literature review is cheaper because it does not involve experimental devices and subjects.

Result and Discussion

During the pandemic, medical workers are facing pronounced challenges [1]. Please be aware of the situation that a person who works in the front line during the pandemic, not because this person has a billionaire dad. Nor does this person simply want to risk their own lives to save the loving people who are not even acquaintances. They work in the hospital to make a living. If they cannot make a living over the job, they would move away or do something else [10]. However, the sad part is that as much as the medical workers are in need, their organizations are laying them off [11]. For instance: Medical University of South Carolina is cutting back 15% of its full-time employees. Essentia Health in Duluth Minnesota is laying off 500. They want people to work on the front line, but they are not willing to pay them [11]. Many workers are laid off due to canceling the routine checkups and elective procedures. The year 2020 just experienced the 43,000 layings off of medical workers [12], as shown in the following graph.

To sum up, currently, the medical field needs the workers at the front line, but they do not want to pay them [12]. On the other hand, some small clinics are afraid that they will not survive the pandemic. Currently, major visits turn into tele-visits. The insurance companies usually reimburse them very little for these visits. After the long pandemic, these small clinics might end up closed forever [13]. Therefore, as a front line medical worker, it is important to get the right bargain for yourself. Make sure to get all the money you deserve. Currently, you are risking your life to do this job; but when the pandemic is over, when there is a crowd of a medical worker coming back to the job market, you might not have a job by then. So, now, earn every penny that you deserve and save it or invest it in yourself. You will need this money for a great vacation. Here is why: For medical workers, stress is a common problem. Among medical interns, this stress could affect work performance, personal health, and family relationships. In this case, practicing mindfulness is a good solution [14].  Stress can affect eating habits. Sometimes when people are stressed out, they use food as a relief. In this case, a person should get coached about how to relax, enjoy food, and not be managed by food. Mindful eating means that you love your food, enjoy your food, focus on eating, and eat in the right portions. It is your body that takes you everywhere and moves you around at work. So, make sure to keep it healthy [15].

One of the best ways to deal with stress is a vacation. People under stress are prone to heart diseases. While vacations ease stress, it can reduce mortality for heart diseases [16]. Also, after the pandemic, the exhausted frontline workers might have to take a long vacation no matter they like it or not. The reason is that during the pandemic, many medical workers got laid off [12], but they might come back afterward. Therefore, save up for this vacation is quite necessary. Be creative with your vacation ideas. For instance, Beverly hills physicians design vacations that include plastic surgery, shows, amusement parks, and museums. This is the time to fully charge yourself [17].

As frustrating as this medical job is, saving lives is always important, not only for the patients but also for the medical workers. Physicians are very prone to suicide. Statistics said that about 50% of American physicians are burning out, and the physician suicide rate is very high. Physicians are trained to have the power to endure long hours, difficult and stressful situations, and deprivation of basic needs, which are all bad for their physical and mental health [18]. However, one of the most important methods in suicide prevention and trauma healing is saving lives [19].

In a person’s life, there might be many traumas. Each trauma escalates the risk of suicide [19]. Suicide does not discriminate; people who are enduring enough stress might commit suicide. Not just the kids who are from broken homes and living in poverty might face this problem [20]. Being a front line medical worker easily exposed to traumatic loss and to understand why people should look at the definition of traumatic loss. Traumatic loss is a death that has any of the following factors: untimely, violent, damage of body, caused by an intention of harming, perceived as preventable, perceived as suffered, or any perception of unfair or unjust [21].

After the traumatic loss, a person wills grief for a long time. They probably need long-term professional therapy for that [22]. Coming back to the front line Covid workers, they witness traumatic loss everyday. Although a caregiver sees these things a lot, these usual traumatic events will still hurt them and make them cry; and all those events can be traumatic events for the caregivers. Therefore, witnessing those life and death situations will damage a caregiver’s mental health and increase the suicide rate.

Many things in this world can cause death from Covid. If a caregiver does not get paid to keep up with the basic needs, they may end up with the same fate as those people in poverty. Without protective gear might also mean death; no modern technology might also mean death. However, brainstorm and try to think of a solution, or making sure the patients are fed and stay hydrated won’t kill you. For many patients, simply switching their body position could make them breathe better. It is not a simple lung disease. A team from all medical fields should be on the treatment together [23]. Therefore, doctors should be creative in both protecting themselves and saving lives. Saving a life will add life to yourself, which is not superstitious, but is medical science [22].


When new caregivers work on the front line during COVID, knowledge about patient care is not enough for them to cope with the job. They have the most important patients to take care of: Themselves. Protection gears, properly making decisions, and teamwork is all as important as treating COVID symptoms. Life is not fair. The front line workers who are currently risking their own lives to save other people might not get paid enough, might not get advocated about their benefit, and their mental health might be permanently damaged by the traumatic events every day. Therefore, health care workers should creatively be wearing protective gear, avoiding defensive medicine, taking good care of their health, and grab the money they deserve. At last, save up and get ready for a long vacation after the pandemic; not only because they will be exhausted and need total relaxation, but also because after the pandemic, these current front line workers, as underdogs, might not still have a job.


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