Clinical Experience with Esterified Hyaluronic Acid Matrix in the Treatment of Chronic Wounds
Tuna Gumus1*, Lucian G. Vlad2 and Joseph A. Molnar2
1University of Health Sciences, Kartal Dr. Lutfi Kirdar City Hospital, Department of Undersea and Hyperbaric Medicine, Istanbul/Turkey
2Wake Forest University, Atrium Health Wake Forest Baptist Hospital, Winston -Salem, NC/USA
*Corresponding author: Tuna Gumus, University of Health Sciences, Kartal Dr. Lutfi Kirdar City Hospital, Department of Undersea and Hyperbaric Medicine, Istanbul/Turkey
Citation: Gumus T, Vlad LG, Molnar JA (2023) Clinical Experience with Esterified Hyaluronic Acid Matrix in theTreatment of ChronicWound. Adv Clin Med Res. 4(2):1-9.
Received: April 5, 2023 | Published: April 26, 2023
Copyright© 2023 by Gumus T, et al. All rights reserved. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Introduction: The aim of this study was to evaluate effectiveness of sterified hyaluronic acid matrix (eHAM) for treating chronic wounds. Hyaluronic acid (HA) is an extra cellular polysaccharide found in every human tissue and body fluid. The benefits of using eHAM for chronic wounds still needs to be investigated.
Methods: We are presenting the patients we have treated in our wound care center. Choice of patients was based on clinical grounds where clinic an felt that tissue growth needed to be stimulated and based on availability of the product in clinic and failure of routine treatment modalities. We recorded patient demographics, associated health conditions, wound measurements and characteristics. eHAM was used for full thickness wound safterad quated ebridement and making sure the wound is free of infection. Patients were followed weekly and were corded wound dimensions, pain level, comfort and tolerability. Digital photography was used to document wound progress.
Results: After 1-3 weeks wounds treated with esterified hyaluronic acids caffold have improved characteristics with healthier vascularized tissue. Patient 1showed very good progress after 2-3 weeks and after that wound stalled. He eventually healed at 8 weeks after second application. Patient 2 showed very good progress over course of 5-6 weeks but she did not heal as she had a large wound and we could not continue this treatment at the time due to product availability. Patient 3 was healed in 4 weeks after single application, after this wound had been refractory prior 3-4 months.
Conclusions: We found esterified hyaluronic acids caffold to be useful in the management of recalcitrant diabetic foot and leg ulcers, venous leg ulcers, and surgical sites wounds. Further studies of large magnitude are needed to better understand clinical applications and indications.
Chronic wound; Dermal substitute; Hyaluronic acid
HA is an anionic, non-sulfated glycosaminoglycan distributed widely throughout connective, epithelial, and neural tissues. Esterified hyaluronic acid is part of an beneficial dressing that can be used for the treatment of difficult, non-healing wounds, including venous leg ulcers and diabetic foot ulcers. The role of the dermis is essential for the proper orchestration of all phases of the normal wound healing process. Wounds with seriously damaged or even absent dermis consistently show seriously impaired wound healing and/or long-term complications such as hypertrophic scarring. Replacing a damaged dermis requires a dermal matrix that is compatible with, or even stimulates, the process of wound healing .
Due to the various cellular interactions of HA, it has various roles throughout each stage of wound healing . The half-life of HA can present as a challenge because it ranges from less than one to several days, and the turnover of native HA by hyaluronidase is rapid . One method of prolonging the half-life is esterification, which changes the physical properties of HA. HA is esterified to slow down its rapid degradation in wound fluid optimizing the degradation rate for wound healing. eHAM is a dermal matrix comprised of a wound contact layer with an outer barrier layer comprised of a semipermeable silicone membrane. The dermal matrix contact layer is biodegradable, and it acts as a 3-dimensional scaffold for cellular invasion and capillary growth .
The aim of this study was to evaluate effectiveness of esterified eHAM for treating chronic wounds. HA is an extracellular polysaccharide found in every human tissue and body fluid. The benefits of using eHAM for chronic wounds still needs to be investigated.
We are presenting the patients we have treated in our advanced wound care center. Choice of patients was based on clinical grounds where clinician felt that tissue growth needed to be stimulated and based on availability of the product in clinic and failure of routine treatment modalities. We recorded patient demographics, associated health conditions, wound measurements and characteristics. eHAM was used for full thickness wounds after adequate debridement and making sure the wound is free of infection. Patients were followed weekly and we recorded wound dimensions, pain level, comfort and tolerability. Digital photography was used to document wound progress.
49 year old African American male with complex past medical history including diabetes mellitus, congestive heart failure episodes and venous hypertension, multiple myeloma on immunosuppressive medicines presented to our wound care center with extensive life and limb threatening ulcers of right leg and foot. (Figure 1) He was treated several months with high dose steroids, antibiotic courses, conservative debridement, topical antiseptic solutions, different dressings and compression wraps. 9 months later he was taken to operating room for split-thickness skin graft. This resulted in partial graft take, reducing significantly wound size, than again stalled. With first eHAM application good improvement is seen in 4 weeks (Figure 2), than again no progress until second application at week 8 (Figure 3), resulting in healed wound at 11 weeks follow up. (Figure 4) Patient was seen again in clinic for a different wound same leg, that healed with 3 weeks of compression wraps. eHAM treated area medial leg had good quality epithelium and no recurrence at 10 months follow up.
Figure 2: Week 4.